With its complex ecosystems, South Andros is home to many natural wonders: wildlife, marine life and geographical formations. Measuring 190 miles long, the Andros Barrier Reef is the world’s third-largest barrier reef (after Australia’s Great Barrier Reef and Central America Belize Barrier Reef) and runs parallel to the eastern coast of the island. It is home to many species of fish and exotic coral. The Tongue of the Ocean is just off the eastern shore of South Andros with a seawall dropping to a depth of 6000 feet. There is something for every diving enthusiast.
Dispersed throughout and unique to the island is the world’s largest collection of blue holes, geological underwater structures that are a must-see by hiking, snorkeling or diving. These natural pools of interconnected, underwater cave systems are typically circular with dramatically steep walls. The Andros Blue Holes are tidal freshwater blue holes which are unique in the world and can be found both inland and offshore. Blue Holes were formed during the last ice age when ocean levels were 300-400’ lower than current levels. The combination of rainwater and eventually seawater eroded the limestone foundation of the island and created these spectacular caverns in a variety of shapes and sizes.
Andros Island boasts over 60 species of wild orchids and a huge variety of birds and butterflies. Birders might see elusive species like the Bahama Oriole, Great lizard Cuckoo or Key West Quail Dove. Other beautiful water birds include Osprey, Snowy Egret, White Ibis and the Great Blue Heron.
In late May or early June, the springs rains bring hundreds of land crabs out from their burrows and crevices in the bush across Queen’s Highway as they make their way to the sea to spawn. Thus was born the local cottage industry of crab catching. Once caught, they are “fattened up” to send on the mailboat to Nassau to be sold.
With a population of 2,000 (less than 3% of all Bahamas), South Andros is home to 18 small settlements that stretch along the eastern coast of the island, connected by the only road, The Queen’s Highway. Maintaining their rich culture and operating a variety of small Bahamian businesses, the people of South Andros serve their community well. And now, many of them are also an active part of the Caerula Mar community.
South Andros island and the surrounding areas are fascinating places to explore. Start your adventure by consulting with Caerula Mar’s Adventure Team.